J. B. White Site

Milam County, Texas

Prewitt and Associates, Inc., Staff: Ross C. Fields, Principal Investigator; E. Frances Gadus, Archeological Project Manager; Karl W. Kibler, Project Geoarcheologist; Jennifer K. McWilliams, Project Archeologist

Client: Texas Department of Transportation


When the Texas Department of Transportation set out to replace a highway bridge spanning the Little River floodplain in Milam County, it knew that the work would impact a previously identified archeological site. Before it proceeded with the work, the agency asked Prewitt and Associates to conduct data recovery excavations at the site, known as the J. B. White site.

PAI archeologists discovered important new information about the early use of this prehistoric campsite. Radiocarbon dating indicates that the J. B. White site was used most intensively in the Late Prehistoric period, from about 1,400 to 700 years ago. The hunter-gatherers who used the seasonal campsite hunted deer and small game and collected mussels and fish from the river. They also made a stone tools from the high-quality chert available in the Little River’s gravel bars. In fact, one key activity that took place at this site was the manufacture of such tools—primarily arrow points, knives, and expedient flake tools.

The excavations and extensive data analysis answered some intriguing questions about the hunter-gatherers who used the resource-rich Blackland Prairie in this area. Traveling between more permanent habitation areas to the east and west, they interacted regularly with the Caddo. This research sheds light on how they may have made tools at this site to trade with neighboring groups. For more information on PAI’s data recovery work at the J. B. White site, see the Texas Beyond History website (www.texasbeyondhistory.net) and click on the J. B. White site on the map.



Prewitt and Associates, Inc.
2105 Donley Drive, Suite 400
Austin, Texas 78758-4513
TEL: (512) 459-3349
FAX: (512) 459-3851